Apprenticeship refers to a skill training program where candidates are hired by companies as an apprentice. These candidates receive classroom training for a specific period of time before undergoing on-the-job training.
The apprentice’s Act, 1961 was enacted with the sole purpose of regulating the training of apprentices in the industry by using the facilities available for providing on-the-job training.
The act was updated with the enactment of the Apprentices Act in 2014 and the Apprentices rules Act in 2015 which made the provisions more industrial friendly. Some features of this Act are:
1.The ministry entrusted with the implementation of this act is the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
2. According to the new rules in the act, 2.5% to 10% of the total workforce in an organization including contractual staff and those establishments where the workforce is 6 or more, workers are eligible to receive the benefits of apprenticeship.
3. Non-engineering graduates and diploma holders are eligible for apprenticeship
4. Establishments can make their own policies for recruiting apprentices. Companies having a presence in more than 2 states can also approach the center for the same.
5. Apprentices are paid a fixed amount without EPI and EPF deductions, 50% of which has to be reimbursed to the employer from the Indian Government. Payments to apprentices will be done through aadhar linked bank accounts
6. At the end of their training period, candidates are issued a Certificate of Proficiency by the Indian Government which is valid all over India and can be used as employment experience.
7. According to the National Apprentices Act 1961, the apprentices are to be referred to as trainers and not workers.
8. Courses under Schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana, Modular Employable Skill or any other courses which come under state and central governments will be linked to NAPS.
9. Under this act, there is no obligation that employers should provide permanent employment to apprentices.
10. Courses approved by state and central governments will be linked to apprentice training and will be given the status of optional trades.
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